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Last updated: Sep 23, 2013
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I was recently asked a question that led to the subject of our "resurrection" bodies, and what the Bible says about the "characteristics" of our future "resurrection body". This is such an interesting subject, I believe a "long answer" is appropriate.
Here is what we do know about our future resurrection bodies -
1 John 3:1-2 states that we donít know everything about our future resurrection bodies, but they will be similar to the resurrection body of Jesus!
1 John 3:1 "Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.
2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like (Greek "homoios" "to resemble", "to be similar to") him; for we shall see him as he is".
1 Cor. 15:20-23 states that Jesus is the "firstfruits" (Greek word "aparche") of the resurrection. "Firstfruits" is an agricultural term, referring the small sample of a crop that matures early in the season and gives the farmer an idea of how the rest of the crop will turn out. The New Testament uses the word "firstfruits" six times as a "metaphor", describing an early sample, of "things to come". So, in 1 Cor. 15:20-23, the Scripture is stating that Jesus is the early sample that reveals to us the characteristics of the rest of the resurrection:
1 Corinthians 15:20 "But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept".
1 Corinthians 15:23 "But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christís at his coming".
Resurrected and glorified bodies can apparently do anything they want to! They are not totally restricted by the physical laws of this universe, as we are today.
In His resurrection body, Jesus had a body of flesh and bone, and his friends recognized him, and they felt the scars in His hands, side, and feet, in Luke 24:39 and John 20:24-28:
Luke 24:39 "Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have".
John 20:24-28 "But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.
25 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.
26 And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.
27 Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God".
I wouldn't think a resurrection body would "need" to eat food, but, apparently, Jesus could enjoy eating, if He wanted to, as in Luke 24:41-43, where He ate fish and honey comb with His disciples. (After His resurrection, Jesus even cooked food for His disciples, on the seashore, in John 21:8-13).
Luke 24:41-43 "And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat?
42 And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb.
43 And he took it, and did eat before them".
John 21:8-13 "And the other disciples came in a little ship; (for they were not far from land, but as it were two hundred cubits,) dragging the net with fishes.
9 As soon then as they were come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid thereon, and bread.
10 Jesus saith unto them, Bring of the fish which ye have now caught.
11 Simon Peter went up, and drew the net to land full of great fishes, an hundred and fifty and three: and for all there were so many, yet was not the net broken.
12 Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. And none of the disciples durst ask him, Who art thou? knowing that it was the Lord.
13 Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise".
Apparently, Jesus could walk through a wall, or use the door as in John 20:26, and Luke 24:36-37:
John 20:26 "And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you".
Luke 24:36 "And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
37 But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit".
He appeared and disappeared at will, as in Luke 24:31 and 24:36:
Luke 24:36 "And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you".
Luke 24:31 "And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight".
He walked and talked with men, and they did not know that he was in a resurrection body until he revealed it to them, and then He vanished, as in Luke 24:13-32:
Luke 24:13-32 "And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.
14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened.
15 And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.
16 But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.
17 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?
18 And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?
19 And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people:
20 And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him.
21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.
22 Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre;
23 And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.
24 And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.
25 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:
26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?
27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.
28 And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further.
29 But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.
30 And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them.
31 And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.
32 And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures"?
He could travel in space without a spacesuit as in Acts 1:9-11:
Acts 1:9-11 "And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.
10 And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel;
11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven".
As 1 John 3:2 states, we donít know everything about our future resurrection bodies, but we do know that we will be like Jesus!
Jesus is the "firstfruits" of the resurrection, He gave us a "sample" of what we will be like in our resurrection body!
All the Church Age believers get their resurrection body the moment of the Rapture of the Church:
1 Cor 15:51 "Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,
52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed." "Changed" here is the Greek word "allasso", meaning to be "transformed" from one "form" to another.
John 20:30 - 31 states. "And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:
But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name".
Students together "in Christ",