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Study Notes from the New Testament Greek
By Bob Jones, Northside Bible Church, Jacksonville Florida
1. Prepositions use the ablative, genitive, locative, instrumental, accusitive, and dative cases. Dative is used only with "epi" and with "eggus" in Acts 9:38.
a. Apo = from, off, away from. Used with ablative only.
b. Eis = Normally into. Used with Accusative only.
c. Ek or Ez = out, out of, from within. ("Ez" occurs before words beginning with a vowel) Used with Ablative only.
d. Epi = upon, or adds the idea of super, or "over and above", or "in addition to".
e. En = in. Used with Locative only.
f. Para = beside. Used with Locative, Ablative, and Accusative.
g. Peri = Around or about.
h. Pro = before
i. Sun = with. Used with Instrumental only.
j. Upo = Used with the Ablative to denote the agent by.
k. Kata = Downward motion, from higher to lower. Used with genitive and accusitive.