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1. Who is Jesus Christ, according to the Bible?

Jesus is the unique person of the universe!

He is both undiminished Deity and true humanity in one Unique Person - God Himself, come in the flesh!
1Tim. 3:16 "And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.

In the Scriptures, "Son of man" is the title of His "humanity" (Matt. 8:20) and "Son of God" is the title of His "Deity" (Matt. 16:13-17).

Jesus is the Eternal Second Person of the Triune God, and leaving his glory in heaven, he entered the stream of humanity through the Virgin Birth, to save sinful man. The Virgin Birth of Christ was necessary because the "sin nature" that Adam acquired, when he sinned in the Garden of Eden, is passed down through the human race by the father of the children (Rom. 8:12). The Father of Jesus Christ is God the Father. Jesus had no sin nature, but His humanity was thoroughly tested and He lived a sinless life. He died on the Cross for our sins, and was judged in our place in three hours of darkness on the Cross, when our sins were poured out on "Him, who knew no sin".

Jesus ascended bodily back to Heaven, where He is now said to be at the right hand of the Father (A "position", not "physical", but of honor and authority), making intercession for the saints. ("Saints" = ALL of God's "born again" children)

Jesus is personally returning to judge the people of the earth after the seven year "Tribulation" described in Dan. 9:20-27, and Rev. Chapter 6 through 19. He is returning at that time to personally set up His glorious Kingdom on earth, where he will rule and reign over the nations of the earth for 1000 years. The 1000 year reign of Christ on earth is described in Rev. Chap 20

What the Scriptures Teach About God:

God IS Spirit - Not "a spirit", but God "IS Spirit" John 4:24. He is not "one of many Spirits", He IS Spirit!

God is Eternal - Isaiah 43:10 ..."before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me".

God is Self Existent - Exodus 3:14 ..."And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM" (Hebrew "Hawyaw").

God is Infinite and Omnipresent - II Chron. 2:6 ..."the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain him", Jer. 23:24 ..."Do not I fill heaven and earth, saith the Lord".

God is Invisible - Col. 1:15 "Who (Jesus) is the image of the invisible God...", 1 Tim. 6:16 "Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see...", I Tim. 1:17 "Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen".

God is declared to be a "Trinity", 1 Jn. 5:7. One God, revealed in three co-equal persons:
1 John 5:7,KJV "For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one".

--- First person = The eternal Father, the planner, sustainer, and provider.

--- Second person = The Son, the eternal revealed or manifest person. The visible image of the invisible and infinite God.

---Third Person = The Holy Spirit, our teacher, the infinite, eternal power of God, God in action.

Only the manifest, or Second Person of the Trinity can be seen:

--- 2 Cor. 4:4 "Christ is the image of God".

--- Col. 1:13-17 Jesus is "the image of the invisible God".

--- Col. 2:9 In Jesus "dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily" (in bodily form).

--- Heb. 1:3 Jesus is the "brightness of his (God's) glory and the express image of his person".

Any time the Old Testament Scriptures state that someone saw God, they saw the preincarnate Christ, Jesus himself, before he was born and lived as a human being through the virgin birth. John 1:18 states that "no man hath seen God (the Trinity) at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared (revealed) him". Appearances of Jesus in the Old Testament are theologically called "Christophanies".

Jesus walked in the garden of Eden with Adam and Eve. The word "God" in the book of Genesis speaks of "Elohim" or the Trinity, but "the LORD", and "LORD God", who spoke personally to Adam and Eve, Moses, Abraham, and many of the Old Testament prophets, is the personal and visible manifestation of God, which is Jesus.

The personal name of God in the Old Testament is "Yahweh", translated "LORD" (all capitol letters) in the KJV. 1 Cor. 15:47 states that Jesus is "THE Lord" from heaven, (Note: The title "LORD" in this verse has the Greek article "the") Meaning that "The LORD", Hebrew "Yahweh" in the Old Testament, is Jesus, before He left His home in heaven and entered the stream of humanity through the virgin birth. Jesus Christ, of the New Testament, and "Yahweh" of the Old Testament are one and the same!

Jesus appeared personally, face to face with Moses and the Old Testament prophets of God. Check out Exodus 33:11, where "the Lord spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend", and Exodus 24:9-11 where Moses and seventy elders of Israel "saw the God of Israel". Jesus is the visible manifestation of "The God of Israel".

God, in the person of Jesus, and two angels walked up to Abraham's tent and had dinner with him before they destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, Genesis chapter 18.

Jesus is the "Ancient of Days", in Daniel 7:9-14. (Notice the description is basically the same as the glorified Christ in Rev 1:12-18.

Jesus was in the cloud that followed the children of Israel through the Red Sea. 1 Cor. 10:4, and Exodus 14:14, 19 & 25.  The "angel of God" literally means "the appearance of God". (Notice Jesus looked out of the cloud, and shot the wheels off of Pharaoh's chariots while they were in the dry bottom of the Red Sea!)

Jesus Created the Earth and universes.

Jesus, the eternal Second Person of the Trinity created the earth and universes, and is now holding all things together:

--- Heb. 1:1-3 God hath spoken to us in these last days and appointed Jesus heir of all things, "by whom he made the worlds".

--- Eph. 3:9 God "created all things by (by means of) Jesus Christ".

--- John 1:1-3 and 14 Speaking of the eternal Second Person of the Trinity, Jesus, the "Word of God" in verse 14, "All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made".

--- Col. 1:13-17 and 19 Speaking of Jesus, "For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him".

Jesus is "God the Son" (Eternal 2nd person of the triune God) as well as "the Son of God" (The Second Person of the Trinity, who left His place in heaven and entered the stream of humanity through the virgin birth, died on the cross for us and ascended back to heaven in his resurrected glorified human body.

--- John 10:30 Jesus said "I and my Father are one".

--- John 12:45, Jesus said "he that seeth me seeth him that sent me".

--- John 14:9 Jesus told "doubting Thomas" If you have seen me, you have seen the Father.

--- Isa. 9:6 In the next age, the Millennial reign of Christ, and then forever, Jesus will be called "the Father".

Jesus will be the Judge who sits on the Great White Throne:

In Rev. 20:11-15, God sits on the judgement throne. In John 5:22, Jesus states that "The Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgement unto the Son".

After living as a human being, dying on the Cross for us, having our sins poured out on Him in three hours of darkness on the Cross, being judged in our place, who else deserves to sit on that judgement throne, but Jesus?

Rev. 5:12 States "Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honor, and glory, and blessing."

The word "believe" in the New Testament means "to trust in and rely on". The more you know about Jesus, the more you can trust in and rely on Jesus. The Church is called the "bride" of Christ, and doesn't a "bride" want to know all about her future husband?

If this study leaves you with a question of how we should address our prayers:

    a. We are told to address all prayer to God the Father. Matt. 6:9, 1 Pet. 1:17, Eph. 3:14.

    b. We can only approach the Father in the name of Jesus, the Son, John 14:13 & 14.

    c. All prayer, and Christian activity must be empowered by the Holy Spirit to be valid, Eph. 6:18.

I certainly hope these Scriptures bless you as they have blessed me! The primary issue in Christianity is "What think ye of Christ", John 22:42. There is salvation and eternal blessing in trusting the Eternal Son of God, Jesus Christ as he is revealed in the Bible.